History & Geography

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New & Correct Date Of The Terengganu Inscription, TheNew & Correct Date Of The Terengganu Inscription, The by Adam, Ahmat

The Terengganu Stone has generally been accepted as one of the oldest archaeological artifacts for evidence of the arrival of Islam to Malaysia, and Southeast Asia more generally. Since its discovery in 1887 the Terengganu inscription has drawn much interest from scholars of various disciplines. Yet in this volume Emeritus Professor Dr. Ahmat Adam argues that scholarship on the inscription has consistently misdated the stone and misrepresented its true content. Through philological and historical analysis he argues that the correct date of the inscription is not 702 H. or 1303 A.D but 708 H. or 1308 A.D and that the inscription also reveals the usage of a unique calendrical system in the early 14th century, alongside other clues to the nature of historical Malay society.

Liberal, Malay And Malaysian: Writing Of A Walking ContradictionLiberal, Malay And Malaysian: Writing Of A Walking Contradiction by Zan Azlee

For some people, to be Liberal, Malay and Malaysian is to be a walking contradiction, to be pulled in more directions than your body can take. If you're Malay you aren't supposed to be liberal and of course you must be a Malay before you're a Malaysian! Right? Not for Zan Azlee. Zan passionately argues for a Malaysian and a Malay identity which moves beyond identity politics, fatwas, censorship and moral policing and which allows individuals to be who they want to be. Covering themes of politics, race, religion and protest, Zan records a nation in turmoil, caught between activism and apathy and counters this with an honest and open assessment of Malaysian life.

Preliminary Report On The Archaeological Investigations At The National Gallery SingaporePreliminary Report On The Archaeological Investigations At The National Gallery Singapore by Lim Chen Sian

The Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre is pleased to present our first report on archaeological rescue operations conducted in Singapore. Despite Singapore being a comparatively small island in the region, the archaeological assemblages are quite substantial, densely packed, and critically important vis-à-vis numerous applied and academic concerns. They not only add considerable depth to local and regional history, but also provide a wealth of data useful for global theories and models. Although many readers are often drawn to the prominent 14th century CE component of several Singaporean sites since their discovery in the 1980s and 1990s through the pioneering research conducted by Professor John Miksic and others, Singapore offers a rich historical archaeology potential from the 14th century onwards, particularly from the colonial period through the 20th century. It is quite intriguing to consider the different manifestations of Singapore's "port city" history (ancient, colonial, and modern) through the unique narratives provided by the archaeological record; a record that yields complementary, sometimes contradictory, and often missing narratives to historical studies. Furthermore, all periods are heavily characterised by complex inter-regional and inter-cultural interaction, commerce, and networks. On the other hand, inter-site and intra-site variability and dynamics are evident. These give ancient Temasek and historic Singapore a unique verve and personality. Moreover, the intra-site variability hints at different vocational, political, social class and perhaps cultural variability that adds considerable richness and dynamism to ancient urban studies.

Sovereign Women In A Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs Of Aceh, 1641-1699Sovereign Women In A Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs Of Aceh, 1641-1699 by Sher Banu. A. L. Khan

The Islamic kingdom of Aceh was ruled by queens for half of the 17th century. Was female rule an aberration? Unnatural? A violation of nature, comparable to hens instead of roosters crowing at dawn? Indigenous texts and European sources offer different evaluations. Drawing on both sets of sources, this book shows that female rule was legitimised both by Islam and adat (indigenous customary laws), and provides original insights on the Sultanah's leadership, their relations with male elites, and their encounters with European envoys who visited their court. The book challenges received views on kingship in the Malay world and the response of indigenous polities to east-west encounters in Southeast Asia's Age of Commerce.

Illustrated Brief History Of China, An: Culture, Religion, Art, InventionIllustrated Brief History Of China, An: Culture, Religion, Art, Invention by Wang Jian & Fang Xiaoyan

This illustrated Chinese history book takes the reader on a visual journey of the most brilliant and significant segments of Chinese civilization over the course of five thousand years. As a cradle of human civilization, China has maintained its cohesion and cultural identity for thousands of years. With China's historical evolution as a backdrop, Each section focuses on the outstanding achievements of the period it covers and clearly sets out the long-established and profound cultural development of the Chinese nation.

Brief History Of Japan, A - Samurai, Shogun And Zen: The Extraordinary Story Of The Land Of The Rising SunBrief History Of Japan, A - Samurai, Shogun And Zen: The Extraordinary Story Of The Land Of The Rising Sun by Clements, Jonathan

This fascinating history tells the story of the people of Japan, from ancient teenage priest-queens to teeming hordes of salarymen, a nation that once sought to conquer China, yet also shut itself away for two centuries in self-imposed seclusion. With intelligence and wit, author Jonathan Clements blends documentary and storytelling styles to connect the past, present and future of Japan, and in broad yet detailed strokes reveals a country of paradoxes: a modern nation steeped in ancient traditions; a democracy with an emperor as head of state; a famously safe society built on 108 volcanoes resting on the world's most active earthquake zone; a fast-paced urban and technologically advanced country whose land consists predominantly of mountains and forests.

Other Side Of History, The: A Unique View Of Momentous Events From The Last 60 YearsOther Side Of History, The: A Unique View Of Momentous Events From The Last 60 Years by Maier, Simon

Wherever we are in the world, we are always surrounded by news, whether it is an immediate report, or a later, more insightful analysis. Some of these events become history. History is scattered with many significant changes; some planned, most sudden; some shocking, others happy. But what about its behind-the-scenes? What led up to the moment? What tales are there from the people on the ground? What insights can we find on the other side of history? Simon Maier narrates key events in the 20th and 21st century, through the perspective of a character who has lived through it all. It is a fascinating mix of fact and fiction; of what did happen and what might have happened. More than anything, the book surprises, teaches and opens the reader's eyes to some of the biggest and most important occasions of modern times.

Towns Of Malaya, The: An Illustrated Urban History Of The Peninsula Up To 1957Towns Of Malaya, The: An Illustrated Urban History Of The Peninsula Up To 1957 by Khor, Neil; Mariana Isa; Maganjeet Kaur

The Towns of Malaya examines the history, development, planning and architecture of the major towns of Peninsular Malaysia. The book is divided into chapters each focusing on different types of Malayan towns, including royal towns, ports, mining towns and agricultural towns. In total more than 25 towns are covered in turn, each with its own section illustrated with maps and archival photographs. Drawing on extensive photographic and map archives including those of the National Archives of Malaysia and private collections, this book provides fascinating visual insights into urban life in Malaya in days gone by.

Doomed King, The: A Requiem For Sri Vikrama RajasinhaDoomed King, The: A Requiem For Sri Vikrama Rajasinha by Gananath Obeyesekere

On 24 Jan 1816, the captured king of Kandy was escorted on board the Cornwallis together with his queens, relatives and servants. Almost a month later, King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha arrives at the Vellore Fort in India, to spend his remaining days in exile. Thus ends the tragic tale of the Doomed King of Lanka. Using Kadaimpot, vittipot and documents from English servicemen, Gananath Obeysekere reveals a portrait of a king who was much maligned and betrayed by those he trusted. The Doomed King makes for fascinating reading where a master spy, a Machiavellian governor and an opportunistic nobleman together, bring about the fall of the Kandyan Kingdom.

Spirits And Ships: Cultural Transfers In Early Monsoon AsiaSpirits And Ships: Cultural Transfers In Early Monsoon Asia by Acri, Andrea; R. Blench & A. Landmann (Eds.)

This volume seeks to foreground a borderless history and geography of South, Southeast, and East Asian littoral zones that would be maritime-focused, and thereby explore the ancient connections and dynamics of interaction that favoured the encounters among the cultures found throughout the region stretching from the Indian Ocean littorals to the Western Pacific, from the early historical period to the present. The collective body of work presented in the volume describes Monsoon Asia as an ideal theatre for circulatory dynamics of cultural transfer, interaction, acceptance, selection, and avoidance, and argues that, despite the rich ethnic, linguistic and sociocultural diversity, a shared pattern of values, norms, and cultural models is discernible throughout the region.

Sovereignty And The Sea: How Indonesia Became An Archipelagic StateSovereignty And The Sea: How Indonesia Became An Archipelagic State by Butcher, John G.; R. E. Elson

Until the mid-1950s nearly all of the sea between the far-flung islands of the Indonesian archipelago was open to ships of all nations, but in 1957, the Indonesian government declared that it had absolute sovereignty over all the waters lying within straight baselines drawn between the outermost islands of Indonesia. In this single step, Indonesia made its lands and seas a unified entity for the first time, a claim formally recognized in 1982 by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Sovereignty and the Sea explores how Indonesia succeeded in its extraordinary claim despite its low international profile. John G. Butcher and R. E. Elson reveal that at the heart of Indonesia's archipelagic campaign was a small group of Indonesian diplomats whose dogged persistence, negotiating skills, and willingness to make difficult compromises resulted in Indonesia becoming the greatest archipelagic state in the world.

Men Who Lost Singapore, 1938-1942, TheMen Who Lost Singapore, 1938-1942, The by Mccrum, Ronald

The British military failure against the Japanese invasion of Singapore in 1942 is a well-documented and closely examined episode. But far less attention has been paid to the role of the colonial governor and his staff during this period, an oversight Ronald McCrum corrects with this insightful history. As McCrum shows, the failure of the civil authorities in conjunction with the military to fully prepare the country for the possibility of war was a key factor in the defeat. McCrum closely examines the role and responsibilities of the colonial authorities before and during the war. He argues that the poor and occasionally hostile relations that developed between the local government and the British military hierarchy prevented the development and implementation of a strategic and unified plan of defense against the growing threat of the Japanese. Consequently, this indecisive and ineffective leadership led to significant losses and civilian casualties that could have been prevented.

Penang: The Fourth Presidency Of India, 1805-1830; Volume Two: Fire, Spice And EdificePenang: The Fourth Presidency Of India, 1805-1830; Volume Two: Fire, Spice And Edifice by Langdon, Marcus

Filling a major gap in historiography, Marcus Langdon offers a meticulous reconstruction of the formative period of Penang's development. A little over two centuries ago, Penang had the distinction of being elevated as the fourth most important settlement - a presidency - of the British East India Company's Indian territories. Developments in Penang would also profoundly influence the future growth of British Malaya. The second of a four-volume series, this book focused on the development of major structures and institutions: Fort Cornwallis, St George's Church, the Penang Free School, the Public Library and the Spice and Botanic Gardens, and the forces of nature which conspired to thwart the settlement: fire and erosion of the seafront. These intermeshed stories continue the groundwork established in Volume One, highlighting the struggles, successes and failures of the early settlement. Beautifully illustrated with paintings, sketches, engravings and maps, many previously unpublished.

Penang's Living Legacy: Heritage Traders Of GeorgetownPenang's Living Legacy: Heritage Traders Of Georgetown by

George Town in Penang is a teeming heritage city where the East and West have converged over the centuries to trade, celebrate and live. This book features 36 unique heritage trades and offers a rare glimpse of the skills and talents of its practitioners.

Little India Of George TownLittle India Of George Town by

Little India remains a most colourful and dynamic enclave amongst the enchanting street networks and precincts in the George Town World Heritage Site. Lavishly illustrated with over 230 specially commissioned photographs and never-before-published historical images, this book documents the still-existing traditional trades, eateries, building architecture, streetscape, culture, festivals and other elements of the community in the enclave. The book also relates interesting and little-known facts about various aspects related to the richly concentrated inner-city area, including its history, communities, trades, landmarks, festivals, streetscapes and architecture.

George Town's Historic Commercial & Civic DistrictsGeorge Town's Historic Commercial & Civic Districts by Langdon, Marcus

This guide aims to assist visitors to better understand and enjoy many of the remaining buildings which comprise Malacca's George Town's Historic Commercial and Civic Precincts. The development of George Town's historic commercial and civic precincts occurred under two distinct administrative phases: under the British East India Company from 1786 to 1858; and under British Crown rule which lasted until just after the Japanese Occupation during World War II.

British And The Vietnam War, The: Their Way With L B JBritish And The Vietnam War, The: Their Way With L B J by Tarling, Nicholas

During the presidency of Lyndon Johnson, the British government sought to avoid escalation of the war in Vietnam and to help bring about peace, but the British were only able to exert little, if any, influence on the United States. In this in-depth analysis of Britain's involvement in the Vietnam War, Nicholas Tarling draws on many overlooked papers in the British archives in order to describe the making of Britain's policy toward the war and its careful negotiations of its connection to America. The result is a revealing account of the Anglo-American relationship that shows that the illusion of Britain's ability to influence the United States in the conduct of war has had a long history.

Japanese And The Jesuits, The: Alessandro Valignano In Sixteenth-Century JapanJapanese And The Jesuits, The: Alessandro Valignano In Sixteenth-Century Japan by Moran, J. F.

The Japanese and the Jesuits examines the attempt by sixteenth century Jesuits to convert the Japanese to Christianity. Directing the Jesuits was the Italian Alessandro Valignano, whose own magisterial writings, many of them not previously translated or published, are the principle source material for this account of one of the most remarkable of all meetings between East and West.

Malayan Communist Party As Recorded In The Cominterm Files, TheMalayan Communist Party As Recorded In The Cominterm Files, The by Hara, Fujio

Comintern (Communist International, 1919-1943) files kept in a Russian Archive were opened to the public in 1991. Various documents relating to the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) were contained therein. Relying on these documents, this research reveals many important and hitherto unknown facts. Consulting with previous works done by C.F. Yong, Cheah Boon Kheng and others, we can identify the extent to which the British colonial Special Branch intercepted them. The inaugural congress of the MCP, which initially depended heavily on the Comintern's instructions, was held on 22-23 April and 21 May 1930. Consistent pivotal points of the instructions were to refrain from armed insurgency and to make every effort to obtain the support of Malays and Indians. Although instructions were stopped after 1935, the MCP continued sending reports until the Pacific War started. These reports depict its internal disputes between the left wing and the right wing, which is supposed to have been headed by Lai Teck. Without instructions from the Comintern, the MCP further strengthened its influence among the people through labour as well as anti-Japanese movements.

Singapore Chronicles: EmergencySingapore Chronicles: Emergency by Kumar Ramakrishna

This book examines the origins of the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM) in the inter-War years and its subsequent development against the wider backdrop of the Cold War. The chameleon-like CPM, in its determined quest to set up a Communist Republic of Malaya and Singapore, mounted a violent rural insurgency in Malaya and later shifted to urban subversion of the bourgeoning anti-colonial left-wing movement in Singapore itself. It was a gambit that almost succeeded. Contemporary Singapore's emphasis on law and order cannot be understood without reference to its long twilight struggle with the CPM, a fateful conflict that ended only in 1989.