History & Geography

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William Farquhar And Singapore: Stepping Out From Raffles' ShadowWilliam Farquhar And Singapore: Stepping Out From Raffles' Shadow by Wright, Nadia H.

When the achievements of great individuals are exaggerated, an enormous shadow is cast over the work of their subordinates. This has been the case in accounts of the founding of the British settlement at Singapore in 1819 - in which Sir Stamford Raffles has been aggrandised at the expense of Major General William Farquhar. Venerated by contemporary Bugis, Chinese and Indians for his character and accomplishments, Farquhar maintained that he was largely responsible for Singapore's rapid growth and commercial success. But his claims have been obscured for the most part by the glori?cation of Raffles. In this groundbreaking and carefully documented study, Nadia Wright re-examines East India Company records and other historical documents to offer a fresh analysis of the roles of Raffles and Farquhar in Singapore's founding and early development. William Farquhar and Singapore reveals new and sometimes startling insights into the achievements and personalities of both men, and explains why Farquhar has been overlooked for so long.

New & Correct Date Of The Terengganu Inscription, TheNew & Correct Date Of The Terengganu Inscription, The by Adam, Ahmat

The Terengganu Stone has generally been accepted as one of the oldest archaeological artifacts for evidence of the arrival of Islam to Malaysia, and Southeast Asia more generally. Since its discovery in 1887 the Terengganu inscription has drawn much interest from scholars of various disciplines. Yet in this volume Emeritus Professor Dr. Ahmat Adam argues that scholarship on the inscription has consistently misdated the stone and misrepresented its true content. Through philological and historical analysis he argues that the correct date of the inscription is not 702 H. or 1303 A.D but 708 H. or 1308 A.D and that the inscription also reveals the usage of a unique calendrical system in the early 14th century, alongside other clues to the nature of historical Malay society.

Liberal, Malay And Malaysian: Writings Of A Walking ContradictionLiberal, Malay And Malaysian: Writings Of A Walking Contradiction by Zan Azlee

For some people, to be Liberal, Malay and Malaysian is to be a walking contradiction, to be pulled in more directions than your body can take. If you're Malay you aren't supposed to be liberal and of course you must be a Malay before you're a Malaysian! Right? Not for Zan Azlee. Zan passionately argues for a Malaysian and a Malay identity which moves beyond identity politics, fatwas, censorship and moral policing and which allows individuals to be who they want to be. Covering themes of politics, race, religion and protest, Zan records a nation in turmoil, caught between activism and apathy and counters this with an honest and open assessment of Malaysian life.

Preliminary Report On The Archaeological Investigations At The National Gallery SingaporePreliminary Report On The Archaeological Investigations At The National Gallery Singapore by Lim Chen Sian

The Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre is pleased to present our first report on archaeological rescue operations conducted in Singapore. Despite Singapore being a comparatively small island in the region, the archaeological assemblages are quite substantial, densely packed, and critically important vis-à-vis numerous applied and academic concerns. They not only add considerable depth to local and regional history, but also provide a wealth of data useful for global theories and models. Although many readers are often drawn to the prominent 14th century CE component of several Singaporean sites since their discovery in the 1980s and 1990s through the pioneering research conducted by Professor John Miksic and others, Singapore offers a rich historical archaeology potential from the 14th century onwards, particularly from the colonial period through the 20th century. It is quite intriguing to consider the different manifestations of Singapore's "port city" history (ancient, colonial, and modern) through the unique narratives provided by the archaeological record; a record that yields complementary, sometimes contradictory, and often missing narratives to historical studies. Furthermore, all periods are heavily characterised by complex inter-regional and inter-cultural interaction, commerce, and networks. On the other hand, inter-site and intra-site variability and dynamics are evident. These give ancient Temasek and historic Singapore a unique verve and personality. Moreover, the intra-site variability hints at different vocational, political, social class and perhaps cultural variability that adds considerable richness and dynamism to ancient urban studies.

William Farquhar And Singapore: Stepping Out From Raffles' ShadowWilliam Farquhar And Singapore: Stepping Out From Raffles' Shadow by Wright, Nadia H.

Brushed aside by the Raffles PR machine and, possibly, the inability of many in Malaysia and Singapore to pronounce his surname correctly, William Farquhar and his legacy have not matched the high regard in which they were held during his life time. Based on research of the British East India Company records and other contemporary sources, Nadia Wright demonstrates that much of the credit for the establishing of the Singapore settlement that has been attributed to Raffles, more properly belongs to his subordinate, Farquhar. The book covers Farquhar's successful role as Resident and Commandant of Malacca before moving on to Singapore take up the same position in the vital first four years of its rule by the Company.

Portuguese In The East: A Cultural History Of A Maritime Trading EmpirePortuguese In The East: A Cultural History Of A Maritime Trading Empire by De Silva Jayasuriya, Shihan

Vasco da Gama's voyage to India in the late fifteenth century opened up new economic and cultural horizons for the Portuguese. Undertaken at the height of Portugal's maritime influence, it helped to create an oceanic state ranging from the Cape of Good Hope to China. While Portugal's direct political influence in Asia was comparatively short-lived, its linguistic influence remains. Here Shihan de Silva Jayasuriya charts the influences of the Portuguese in more than 50 Asian tongues, illustrating the extent of Lusitanian links. Luso-Asian influence became engrained in eastern cultures in more subtle ways than other the European empires which followed, such as the Portuguese oral traditions in folk literature, now embedded in postcolonial Asian music and song.

Sejarah Bergambar Seberang Perai/Province Wellesley: A Pictorial HistorySejarah Bergambar Seberang Perai/Province Wellesley: A Pictorial History by Khoo Salma Nasution

At long last, Province Wellesley's rich historical heritage has been 'unearthed' for appreciation and studies by future generations. Overshadowed by its more popular neighbour, the strategic development of Province Wellesley took a backseat to that of George Town and Penang island after 1969. However, Province Wellesley continued to see the burgeoning of housing areas and industrial zones. It is hoped that the over 200 images shown in this book will stimulate greater interest in the historical research and cultural mapping of Province Wellesley. Its history should be understood as an integral part of the history of Penang state as well as in the context of the development of the northern states of Malaysia.

Sovereign Women In A Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs Of Aceh, 1641-1699Sovereign Women In A Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs Of Aceh, 1641-1699 by Sher Banu. A. L. Khan

The Islamic kingdom of Aceh was ruled by queens for half of the 17th century. Was female rule an aberration? Unnatural? A violation of nature, comparable to hens instead of roosters crowing at dawn? Indigenous texts and European sources offer different evaluations. Drawing on both sets of sources, this book shows that female rule was legitimised both by Islam and adat (indigenous customary laws), and provides original insights on the Sultanah's leadership, their relations with male elites, and their encounters with European envoys who visited their court. The book challenges received views on kingship in the Malay world and the response of indigenous polities to east-west encounters in Southeast Asia's Age of Commerce.

Cold War And Decolonisation: Australia's Policy Towards Britain's End Of Empire In Southeat AsiaCold War And Decolonisation: Australia's Policy Towards Britain's End Of Empire In Southeat Asia by Benvenuti, Andrea

In this book, Andrea Benvenuti discusses the development of Australia's foreign and defense policies toward Malaya and Singapore in light of the redefinition of Britain's imperial role in Southeast Asia and the formation of new postcolonial states. Benvenuti sheds light on the impact of Britain on Australia's political and strategic interests in Southeast Asia during the Cold War. It will be of interest to historians of Australia's foreign relations, Southeast Asia, and the British Empire and decolonization.

Singapore Chronicles: Japanese OccupationSingapore Chronicles: Japanese Occupation by Comber, Leon

This is a short account of the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, which lasted for from February 1942 to August 1945. Those tumultuous days are largely forgotten nowadays, especially by the younger generation, but they were a time of living dangerously. As this account brings out, life and death were often not more than a hair's breadth apart, and Singaporeans had to fight for their very survival and existence. If any good came from those years, it was that Japan's defeat of British colonial rule led to the realisation that Singaporeans could stand on their own feet, which led to the eventual establishment of the Republic of Singapore.

Illustrated Brief History Of China, An: Culture, Religion, Art, InventionIllustrated Brief History Of China, An: Culture, Religion, Art, Invention by Wang Jian & Fang Xiaoyan

This illustrated Chinese history book takes the reader on a visual journey of the most brilliant and significant segments of Chinese civilization over the course of five thousand years. As a cradle of human civilization, China has maintained its cohesion and cultural identity for thousands of years. With China's historical evolution as a backdrop, Each section focuses on the outstanding achievements of the period it covers and clearly sets out the long-established and profound cultural development of the Chinese nation.

Brief History Of Japan, A - Samurai, Shogun And Zen: The Extraordinary Story Of The Land Of The Rising SunBrief History Of Japan, A - Samurai, Shogun And Zen: The Extraordinary Story Of The Land Of The Rising Sun by Clements, Jonathan

This fascinating history tells the story of the people of Japan, from ancient teenage priest-queens to teeming hordes of salarymen, a nation that once sought to conquer China, yet also shut itself away for two centuries in self-imposed seclusion. With intelligence and wit, author Jonathan Clements blends documentary and storytelling styles to connect the past, present and future of Japan, and in broad yet detailed strokes reveals a country of paradoxes: a modern nation steeped in ancient traditions; a democracy with an emperor as head of state; a famously safe society built on 108 volcanoes resting on the world's most active earthquake zone; a fast-paced urban and technologically advanced country whose land consists predominantly of mountains and forests.

Other Side Of History, The: A Unique View Of Momentous Events From The Last 60 YearsOther Side Of History, The: A Unique View Of Momentous Events From The Last 60 Years by Maier, Simon

Wherever we are in the world, we are always surrounded by news, whether it is an immediate report, or a later, more insightful analysis. Some of these events become history. History is scattered with many significant changes; some planned, most sudden; some shocking, others happy. But what about its behind-the-scenes? What led up to the moment? What tales are there from the people on the ground? What insights can we find on the other side of history? Simon Maier narrates key events in the 20th and 21st century, through the perspective of a character who has lived through it all. It is a fascinating mix of fact and fiction; of what did happen and what might have happened. More than anything, the book surprises, teaches and opens the reader's eyes to some of the biggest and most important occasions of modern times.

Towns Of Malaya, The: An Illustrated Urban History Of The Peninsula Up To 1957Towns Of Malaya, The: An Illustrated Urban History Of The Peninsula Up To 1957 by Khor, Neil; Mariana Isa; Maganjeet Kaur

The Towns of Malaya examines the history, development, planning and architecture of the major towns of Peninsular Malaysia. The book is divided into chapters each focusing on different types of Malayan towns, including royal towns, ports, mining towns and agricultural towns. In total more than 25 towns are covered in turn, each with its own section illustrated with maps and archival photographs. Drawing on extensive photographic and map archives including those of the National Archives of Malaysia and private collections, this book provides fascinating visual insights into urban life in Malaya in days gone by.

Singapore's Permanent Territorial Revolution: Fifty Years In Fifty MapsSingapore's Permanent Territorial Revolution: Fifty Years In Fifty Maps by De Koninck, Rodolphe

Ever since Singapore became an independent nation in 1965, its government has been intent on transforming the island's environment. This has led to a nearly constant overhaul of the landscape, whether natural or man-made. No stone is left unturned, literally, and not a single cultural feature, be it a house, a factory, a road, or a cemetery, is safe from the constant modification. This atlas maps these changes in depth, vividly illustrating the shifts in Singapore's spatial order. Taken together, these maps demonstrate how physical transformations have led to social changes and how the government has used land and property as a tool of social management. By constantly replanning the rules of access to space, De Koninck argues, the Singaporean State is redefining territoriality, down to its minute details. Whether considered progress or politics, it is an unprecedented use of the physical to control an entire society.

Doomed King, The: A Requiem For Sri Vikrama RajasinhaDoomed King, The: A Requiem For Sri Vikrama Rajasinha by Gananath Obeyesekere

On 24 Jan 1816, the captured king of Kandy was escorted on board the Cornwallis together with his queens, relatives and servants. Almost a month later, King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha arrives at the Vellore Fort in India, to spend his remaining days in exile. Thus ends the tragic tale of the Doomed King of Lanka. Using Kadaimpot, vittipot and documents from English servicemen, Gananath Obeysekere reveals a portrait of a king who was much maligned and betrayed by those he trusted. The Doomed King makes for fascinating reading where a master spy, a Machiavellian governor and an opportunistic nobleman together, bring about the fall of the Kandyan Kingdom.

Spirits And Ships: Cultural Transfers In Early Monsoon AsiaSpirits And Ships: Cultural Transfers In Early Monsoon Asia by Acri, Andrea; R. Blench & A. Landmann (Eds.)

This volume seeks to foreground a borderless history and geography of South, Southeast, and East Asian littoral zones that would be maritime-focused, and thereby explore the ancient connections and dynamics of interaction that favoured the encounters among the cultures found throughout the region stretching from the Indian Ocean littorals to the Western Pacific, from the early historical period to the present. The collective body of work presented in the volume describes Monsoon Asia as an ideal theatre for circulatory dynamics of cultural transfer, interaction, acceptance, selection, and avoidance, and argues that, despite the rich ethnic, linguistic and sociocultural diversity, a shared pattern of values, norms, and cultural models is discernible throughout the region.

Sovereignty And The Sea: How Indonesia Became An Archipelagic StateSovereignty And The Sea: How Indonesia Became An Archipelagic State by Butcher, John G.; R. E. Elson

Until the mid-1950s nearly all of the sea between the far-flung islands of the Indonesian archipelago was open to ships of all nations, but in 1957, the Indonesian government declared that it had absolute sovereignty over all the waters lying within straight baselines drawn between the outermost islands of Indonesia. In this single step, Indonesia made its lands and seas a unified entity for the first time, a claim formally recognized in 1982 by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Sovereignty and the Sea explores how Indonesia succeeded in its extraordinary claim despite its low international profile. John G. Butcher and R. E. Elson reveal that at the heart of Indonesia's archipelagic campaign was a small group of Indonesian diplomats whose dogged persistence, negotiating skills, and willingness to make difficult compromises resulted in Indonesia becoming the greatest archipelagic state in the world.

Men Who Lost Singapore, 1938-1942, TheMen Who Lost Singapore, 1938-1942, The by Mccrum, Ronald

The British military failure against the Japanese invasion of Singapore in 1942 is a well-documented and closely examined episode. But far less attention has been paid to the role of the colonial governor and his staff during this period, an oversight Ronald McCrum corrects with this insightful history. As McCrum shows, the failure of the civil authorities in conjunction with the military to fully prepare the country for the possibility of war was a key factor in the defeat. McCrum closely examines the role and responsibilities of the colonial authorities before and during the war. He argues that the poor and occasionally hostile relations that developed between the local government and the British military hierarchy prevented the development and implementation of a strategic and unified plan of defense against the growing threat of the Japanese. Consequently, this indecisive and ineffective leadership led to significant losses and civilian casualties that could have been prevented.

Penang: The Fourth Presidency Of India, 1805-1830; Volume Two: Fire, Spice And EdificePenang: The Fourth Presidency Of India, 1805-1830; Volume Two: Fire, Spice And Edifice by Langdon, Marcus

Filling a major gap in historiography, Marcus Langdon offers a meticulous reconstruction of the formative period of Penang's development. A little over two centuries ago, Penang had the distinction of being elevated as the fourth most important settlement - a presidency - of the British East India Company's Indian territories. Developments in Penang would also profoundly influence the future growth of British Malaya. The second of a four-volume series, this book focused on the development of major structures and institutions: Fort Cornwallis, St George's Church, the Penang Free School, the Public Library and the Spice and Botanic Gardens, and the forces of nature which conspired to thwart the settlement: fire and erosion of the seafront. These intermeshed stories continue the groundwork established in Volume One, highlighting the struggles, successes and failures of the early settlement. Beautifully illustrated with paintings, sketches, engravings and maps, many previously unpublished.