Social Issues

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Beyond Romance: Fieldwork In SarawakBeyond Romance: Fieldwork In Sarawak by

This volume offers a collection of fieldwork stories written through the lens of sociologists, historians and anthropologists who have made the people, cultures and environment of Sarawak their field of study. Fieldwork is, they have found, never a straightforward task of collecting data, it is about establishing a relationship with the people and their surroundings and learning to live in different worlds. Bringing together fieldwork memoirs, short essays, journal entries and letters, this book also offers an insight into the history and culture of Sarawak from the eyes of its researchers, covering the 'lost tribes' in resettlement schemes, Kelabit child rearing, the biography of a Hakka civil servant and the Tua Pek Kong temples of Sarawak.

The Ha Noi Action Plan 2018-2022The Ha Noi Action Plan 2018-2022 by Asian Development Bank

The Ha Noi Action Plan 2018-2022 (HAP) addresses the unfinished and expanded agenda of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Economic Cooperation Program for the remaining 5 years of the GMS Strategic Framework 2012-2022. The HAP provides directions and operational focus to the GMS program and guides identification of projects in transport, urban development, energy, agriculture, environment, tourism, trade facilitation, human resource development, and information and communication technology.

Institutionalizing Gender Equality: Urban Development Experience Of The Bangladesh LocalInstitutionalizing Gender Equality: Urban Development Experience Of The Bangladesh Local by Asian Development Bank

This case study examines selected urban development projects of the local government engineering department in Bangladesh, with focus on mechanisms to foster gender equality and women empowerment. ADB supports the institutionalization of gender equality in government agencies to enhance their gender-responsiveness and sustainability of gender equality results. The Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) is a trailblazer in mainstreaming gender equality in its policies, systems, and programs. This report presents the results of a stocktaking of LGED's gender mainstreaming practices particularly in ADB-financed urban development projects.

Gender Equality Results Case Study: India - Enhancing Energy-Based Livelihoods For WomenGender Equality Results Case Study: India - Enhancing Energy-Based Livelihoods For Women by Asian Development Bank

This gender equality case study presents the contributions of the ADB-India project in providing 24-hour power supply to rural households in Madhya Pradesh and how it has opened opportunities for women entrepreneurs in the energy sector. Reliable supply of 24-hour electricity in the State of Madhya Pradesh since 2014 has transformed the lives of many, including women from low-income households. The case study builds up on the project progress so far, showcasing women who, along with their sense of personal empowerment, have increased their incomes and savings through microenterprises. The case study reaffirms that a steady supply of electricity, coupled with capacity development, helps create an arena where men and women are accorded equal participation in business opportunities.

Gender Equality And Social Inclusion Assessment Of The Energy Sector: Enhancing Social SustainabiGender Equality And Social Inclusion Assessment Of The Energy Sector: Enhancing Social Sustainabi by Asian Development Bank

This study seeks to provide a comprehensive analysis of gender equality and social inclusion issues of the energy sector in Nepal and recommends measures to ensure energy access to all. In Nepal, deeply embedded structural conditions determined by gender, caste or ethnicity, religion, language, and even geography have made access to and benefits from energy resources highly uneven. This study is an attempt to understand the factors affecting the outcomes and extent to which the initiatives have fostered gender equality and social inclusion. The study recommends measures to facilitate the distributive impact of energy sector development if Nepal is to meet its target of ensuring energy access to all.

Bangladesh Gender Equality Diagnostic Of Selected SectorsBangladesh Gender Equality Diagnostic Of Selected Sectors by Asian Development Bank

Over the last 2 decades, Bangladesh has made progress in women's participation in the labor force, gender parity in primary education, and women's political representation. The Government of Bangladesh has made policy commitments toward gender equality and established an institutional framework to fulfill these. This publication intends to support the government in its attempt to address persisting gender inequalities and gaps through a multisector approach across policies, programs, and projects. It provides insights into gender issues in urban; transport; energy; and skills, vocational, and tertiary education, and gives suggestions for strengthening gender mainstreaming in projects.

Urban Wastewater Management In Indonesia: Key Principles And Issues In Drafting Local RegulaUrban Wastewater Management In Indonesia: Key Principles And Issues In Drafting Local Regula by Asian Development Bank

This publication is intended to serve as a guidance document for local governments in Indonesia to develop their regulations on urban wastewater management. One of the major concerns in urban development is proper wastewater management. In many developing countries, the lack of a comprehensive wastewater management law jeopardizes sustainable urban development. This is true in Indonesia where wastewater management regulations at the local level are inadequate. This publication discusses the basic principles of wastewater management services and is designed to be a guidebook for the development of local urban wastewater management legislation. This guidebook's chapters and sections can be readily transformed into the chapters and articles of a local regulation.

Dhaka Water Services Turnaround, TheDhaka Water Services Turnaround, The by Asian Development Bank

This publication features an ADB project that turned around an urban water utility in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and offers a good example for other similar utilities in South Asia. ADB's investment program in the Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority provided a breakthrough in approaching urban development, particularly the delivery of clean, reliable, affordable water and to the poor, no less. This publication looks at the key success factors that other utilities are taking note of: The zonal approach to rehabilitating and managing urban water services, trenchless technology for expeditiously laying pipes, and how to connect the urban poor - and keeping them connected - through community-managed approaches.

Impact Evaluation Of Development Interventions: A Practical GuideImpact Evaluation Of Development Interventions: A Practical Guide by Asian Development Bank

This book offers guidance on the principles, methods, and practice of impact evaluation. It contains material for a range of audiences, from those who may use or manage impact evaluations to applied researchers. Impact evaluation is an empirical approach to estimating the causal effects of interventions, in terms of both magnitude and statistical significance. To help backstop more use of impact evaluation approaches, this book introduces core concepts, methods, and considerations for planning, designing, managing, and implementing impact evaluation, supplemented by examples. The topics covered range from impact evaluation purposes to basic principles, specific methodologies, and guidance on field implementation.

Women On Board: Making A Real DifferenceWomen On Board: Making A Real Difference by

This book features 24 female directors and highlights their directorship journeys. Cutting across age, race, profession and background, the profiles of these exceptional women will inspire readers and debunk the notion of the corporate boardroom as dull and colourless. Politically engaged, socially resilient and acutely attuned to the changes around them, women in boardrooms are making their mark. As diversity is pushed to the forefront, this publication provides thought leadership on women directorships around 12 boardroom themes such as business models, digital economy and risk management.

Pentecostal Megachurches In Southeast Asia: Negotiating Class, Consumption And The NationPentecostal Megachurches In Southeast Asia: Negotiating Class, Consumption And The Nation by Chong, Terence (Ed.)

Charismatic pastors, fast-paced worship sessions, inspirational but shallow theology, and large congregations - these are just some of the associated traits of Pentecostal megachurches. But what lies beneath the veneer of glitz? What are their congregations like? How did they grow so quickly? How have they managed to negotiate local and transnational challenges? This book seeks to understand the growth and popularity of independent Pentecostal megachurches in Southeast Asia. Using an ethnographic approach, the chapters examine Pentecostal megachurches in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Singapore. Each chapter dwells on the development of the megachurch set against the specific background of the country's politics and history.

Ghost Cities Of ChinaGhost Cities Of China by

Featuring everything from sports stadiums to shopping malls, hundreds of new cities in China stand empty, with hundreds more set to be built by 2030. Between now and then, the country's urban population will leap to over one billion, as the central government kicks its urbanization initiative into overdrive. In the process, traditional social structures are being torn apart, and a rootless, semi-displaced, consumption orientated culture rapidly taking their place. Ghost Cities of China is an enthralling dialogue driven, on-location search for an understanding of China's new cities and the reasons why many currently stand empty.

Why The Dalai Lama Is A SocialistWhy The Dalai Lama Is A Socialist by

To the surprise of many, the Dalai Lama recently declared that, 'I am a socialist'. While many Buddhists and socialists would be perplexed at the suggestion that their approaches to life share fundamental principles, important figures in the Buddhist tradition are increasingly framing contemporary social and economic problems in distinctly socialist terms. In this novel and provocative work, Terry Gibbs argues that the shared values expressed in each tradition could provide signposts for creating a truly humane, compassionate and free society. Hopeful about our potential to create the 'good society' through collective effort, Why the Dalai Lama is a Socialist is grounded in the fundamental belief that everyday human activity makes a difference.

Crime And The Chinese DreamCrime And The Chinese Dream by Bakken, Borge (Ed.)

Although official propaganda emphasizes the Chinese Dream as the dream of all Chinese, the opportunities of achieving prosperity by legal means are distributed unequally. Crime and the Chinese Dream reveals how people on the margins of Chinese society find their way to the Chinese Dream through illegal or deviant behaviors. The case studies in this book include corrupt doctors in public hospitals in Beijing, fraudsters in a village called "cake uncles," illegal motorcycle taxi drivers in Guangzhou, drug users being "reeducated" in detention centers, and internet addicts who are treated as criminals by the system. Despite the patriotic and collectivistic tint of the official dream metaphor, the contributors to this volume show that the Chinese Dream is essentially a state capitalist dream, which is embedded within the problems and opportunities of capitalism, as well as a dream of control.

This Is What Inequality Looks LikeThis Is What Inequality Looks Like by Teo You Yenn

What is poverty? What is inequality? How are they connected? How are they reproduced? How might they be overcome? Why should we try? This book - an ethnography of inequality - addresses these questions. Formed by a series of essays, they are written to be read individually, but have been arranged to be read as a totality and in sequence. Each aims to accomplish two things: first, to introduce a key aspect of the experience of being low-income in contemporary Singapore. Second, to illustrate how people's experiences are linked to structural conditions of inequality. The way we frame our questions shapes the way we see solutions. This book does what appears to be a no-brainer task, but one that is missing and important: it asks readers to pose questions in different ways, to shift the vantage point from which they view 'common sense,' and in so doing, to see themselves as part of problems and potential solutions. This is a book about how seeing poverty entails confronting inequality. It is about how acknowledging poverty and inequality leads to uncomfortable revelations about our society and ourselves. And it is about how once we see, we cannot, must not, unsee.

From Bmf To 1Mdb: A Criminological And Sociological DiscussionFrom Bmf To 1Mdb: A Criminological And Sociological Discussion by Teh Yik Koon

Bumiputra Malaysia Finance Limited (BMF) was a financial institution set up in Hong Kong at the end of 1977. Its parent bank was the Bank Bumiputra Malaysia Berhad (BBMB) which was established in 1965 with public funds to promote Bumiputera participation in the economy. In the 1980s, BMF lost M$2.5 billion, allegedly due to fraud and corruption, which could not be accounted for until today. 1MDB is a development company set up by the Malaysian government in 2009, with a focus on the long-term economic development of the country. However, within about eight years, it has run up more than RM42 billion in debts and key figures are tainted by allegations of abuse of power and corruption. It is therefore timely to revisit the BMF case, to discuss and compare it with the present interest in the 1MDB case. This book will highlight the alleged fraud and corruption that took place in both cases - tracing the money trail, the problematic structure of both organisations, the political and social structure and environment in Malaysia during the occurrence of both scandals, and finally compare both cases, to provide an analysis of the social and political progress of Malaysia in the last three decades.

Citizenship In Myanmar: Ways Of Being In And From BurmaCitizenship In Myanmar: Ways Of Being In And From Burma by South, Ashley; Marie Lall (Eds.)

This book brings together chapters by Burmese and foreign experts, and contributions from community and political leaders, who discuss the meaning of citizenship in Myanmar/Burma. The book explores citizenship in relation to three broad categories: issues of identity and conflict; debates around concepts and practices of citizenship; and inter- and intra-community issues, including Buddhist-Muslim relations. This is the first volume to address these issues, understanding and resolving which will be central to Myanmar's continued transition away from violence and authoritarianism.

Breast Cancer Meanings: Journeys Across AsiaBreast Cancer Meanings: Journeys Across Asia by Chou, Cynthia; Miriam Koktvedgaard Zeitzen (Eds.)

This volume presents conversations across Asia with breast cancer patients, their caregivers, doctors, traditional healers as well as just ordinary men and women-all on the subject of breast cancer meanings. Through the stories as told by local peoples in Asia about how they think and talk about breast cancer, as well as how they respond to the disease, insights on breast cancer meanings emerge. These offer new understandings into how local contexts shape those meanings and life courses-and hopefully will help medical practitioners devise new strategies to combat the disease.

Mediating Islam: Cosmopolitan Journalisms In Muslim Southeast AsiaMediating Islam: Cosmopolitan Journalisms In Muslim Southeast Asia by Steele, Janet

What is Islamic journalism? This study examines day-to-day journalism as practiced by Muslim professionals at five exemplary news organizations in Malaysia and Indonesia. At Sabili, established as an underground publication, journalists are hired for their ability at dakwah, or Islamic propagation. At Tempo, a news magazine banned during the Soeharto regime, the journalists do not talk much about sharia law; although many are pious and see their work as a manifestation of worship, the Islam they practice is often viewed as progressive or even liberal. At Harakah reporters support an Islamic political party, while at Republika they practice a "journalism of the Prophet." Secular news organizations, too, such as Malaysiakini, employ Muslim journalists. Janet Steele explores how these various publications observe universal principles of journalism and do so through an Islamic idiom.

Rohingyas, The: Inside Myanmar's Genocide (Revised And Updated Edition)Rohingyas, The: Inside Myanmar's Genocide (Revised And Updated Edition) by Azeem Ibrahim

According to the United Nations, Myanmar's Rohingyas are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Only now has the media turned its attention to their plight at the hands of a country led by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi. Yet the signs of this genocide have been visible for years. For generations, this Muslim group has suffered routine discrimination, violence, arbitrary arrest and detention, extortion, and other abuses by the Buddhist majority. As horrifying massacres have unfolded in 2017, international human rights groups have accused the regime of complicity in an ethnic cleansing campaign against them. Authorities refuse to recognise the Rohingyas as one of Myanmar's 135 "national races," denying them citizenship rights in the country of their birth and severely restricting many aspects of ordinary life, from marriage to free movement. In this updated edition, Azeem Ibrahim chronicles the events leading up to the current, final cleansing of the Rohingya population, and issues a clarion call to protect a vulnerable, little known Muslim minority. He makes a powerful appeal to use the lessons of the twentieth century to stop this genocide in the twenty-first.