East Timor

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Haunted Houses And Ghostly Encounters: Ethnography And Animism In East Timor, 1860-1975Haunted Houses And Ghostly Encounters: Ethnography And Animism In East Timor, 1860-1975 by Shepherd, Christopher J.

This book presents a history of Western ethnography of animism in East Timor during the Portuguese period. It consists of ten chapters, each one a narrative of the work and experience of a particular ethnographer. Part 1 deals with colonial ethnography and Part 2 with professional anthropology. Covering a selection of seminal 19th- and 20th-century ethnographies, the author explores the relationship between spiritual beliefs, colonial administration, ethnographic interests and fieldwork experience. It is argued that the presence of outsiders precipitated a new "transformative animism" as colonial control over Portuguese Timor was consolidated. Bringing colonial and professional ethnography into the one frame of reference, it is shown that ethnographers of both types not only bore witness to these processes of transformative animism, they also exemplified them. The book presents an original synthesis of East Timor's history, culture and anthropology.

History Of Timor-LesteHistory Of Timor-Leste by Durand, Frederic B.

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, a former Portuguese colony occupied by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, became in 2002 the first new sovereign state of the twenty-first century. Its modern nationhood belies its ancient history. Archaeological data found on the island can be traced back at least 42,000 years, beyond most ancient European artifacts. The book provides a readable overview of the history of the country from the first traces of human habitation through Timor-Leste's hard-won independence in May 2002.

Three Centuries Of Conflict In East TimorThree Centuries Of Conflict In East Timor by Kammen, Douglas

Why does violence recur in some places, over long periods of time? Douglas Kammen explores this pattern in Three Centuries of Conflict in East Timor, studying that island's tragic past, focusing on the small district of Maubara. Once a small but powerful kingdom embedded in long-distance networks of trade, over the course of three centuries the people of Maubara experienced benevolent but precarious Dutch suzerainty, Portuguese colonialism punctuated by multiple uprisings and destructive campaigns of pacification, Japanese military rule, and years of brutal Indonesian occupation. In 1999 Maubara was the site of particularly severe violence before and after the UN-sponsored referendum that finally led to the restoration of East Timor's independence.

Politics Of Timor-Leste: Democratic Consolidation After InterventionPolitics Of Timor-Leste: Democratic Consolidation After Intervention by Leach, Michael; Damien Kingsbury (Eds.)

The Politics of Timor-Leste explores the critical issues facing the Asia-Pacific's youngest nation as it seeks to consolidate a democracy following years of international intervention. The authors study the challenges that have burdened the state since it broke from Indonesia amid the violence of 1999 and formally achieved full independence in 2002. They assess the notable accomplishments of Timor-Leste's leaders and citizens, and consider the country's future prospects as international organizations prepare to depart. A close study of Timor-Leste sheds light on ambitious state-building projects that have been initiated, with varying success, across the globe. Contributors to this volume map the nation's recent political evolution through studies of its constitutional debates, political parties, and foreign policy responses to powerful neighbors. They address the social and economic conditions that complicate Timor-Leste's political development, such as gender discrimination, poverty, corruption, and security-sector volatility. The contemporary history of Timor-Leste reflects the experiences of many postcolonial and developing countries that have sought to establish a viable state following conflict and a declaration of independence. This small nation has been the subject of five consecutive UN missions with varying mandates. The Politics of Timor-Leste ought to serve as a key source for comparative postcolonial studies and a guide to future trends in international state-building and assistance.

East-Timor: How To Build A New Nation In Southeast Asia In The 21St Century?East-Timor: How To Build A New Nation In Southeast Asia In The 21St Century? by Cabasset-Semedo, Christine; Frederic Durand (Eds.)

Thirteen specialists contribute to this overall study of today's East Timor and the problems and potentials ahead in the 21st century. Three papers in Part 1 explore aspects of East Timor's transition towards new nationhood - multidimensional identity construction; statehood and humanitarian assistance, reconciliation and media roles. Part 2 looks at: socio-cultural identities and translations; policies and identity; and village-level identities and national identity. Part 3 discusses aspects of politics, legitimacy and electoral processes. Part 4 looks at the future of Timorese society, issues of human security and dissent, grassroots relationship and potential in tourism development. With a clear chronology of events 1974-2009, black-and-white photo insets, tables, glossary and bibliography.

Gender And Transitional Justice: The Women Of East TimorGender And Transitional Justice: The Women Of East Timor by Rimmer, Susan Harris

Gender and Transitional Justice provides the first comprehensive feminist analysis of the role of international law in formal transitional justice mechanisms. Using East Timor as a case study, it offers reflections on transitional justice administered by a UN transitional administration. Often presented as a UN success story, the author demonstrates that, in spite of women and children's rights programmes of the UN and other donors, justice for women has deteriorated in post-conflict Timor, and violence has remained a constant in their lives. This book provides a gendered analysis of transitional justice as a discipline. It is also one of the first studies to offer a comprehensive case study of how women engaged in the whole range of transitional mechanisms in a post-conflict state, i.e. domestic trials, internationalised trials and truth commissions. The book reveals the political dynamics in a post-conflict setting around gender and questions of justice, and reframes of the meanings of success and failure of international interventions in the light of them.

If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die: How Genocide Was Stopped In East TimorIf You Leave Us Here, We Will Die: How Genocide Was Stopped In East Timor by Robinson, Geoffrey

This is a book about a terrible spate of mass violence. It is also about a rare success in bringing such violence to an end. If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die tells the story of East Timor, a half-island that suffered genocide after Indonesia invaded in 1975, and which was again laid to waste after the population voted for independence from Indonesia in 1999. Before international forces intervened, more than half the population had been displaced and 1,500 people killed. Geoffrey Robinson, an expert in Southeast Asian history, was in East Timor with the United Nations in 1999 and provides a gripping first-person account of the violence, as well as a rigorous assessment of the politics and history behind it. Robinson debunks claims that the militias committing the violence in East Timor acted spontaneously, attributing their actions instead to the calculation of Indonesian leaders, and to a "culture of terror" within the Indonesian army. He argues that major powers - notably the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom - were complicit in the genocide of the late 1970s and the violence of 1999. At the same time, Robinson stresses that armed intervention supported by those powers in late 1999 was vital in averting a second genocide. Advocating accountability, the book chronicles the failure to bring those responsible for the violence to justice.

Dirty Little War, ADirty Little War, A by Martinkus, John

In 1994 Australian journalist John Martinkus went to East Timor to report on Indonesia's brutal repression of the province's independence movement. It was a conflict that gave rise to the highest per capita death toll of any conflict in the 20th century. He subsequently made many return visits before deciding to move to Dili in 1998, becoming the only foreign journalist in East Timor for many years. Martinkus travelled with the guerrillas and unearthed the secret war Indonesia was waging against this fledgling nation - a war that eventually erupted and led to Australia's troops being called in. This is the insider's view of that 'dirty little war'; a first-hand and deeply personal account of a shocking period in this region's history told in a gripping fashion.

Timor: 1250-2005, 750 Ans De Cartographie & Et De Voyages (In French)Timor: 1250-2005, 750 Ans De Cartographie & Et De Voyages (In French) by Durand, Frederic

Timor island has figured in many expeditions throughout history: in the quest for precious wood by Chinese merchants in the 13th century, Magellan's first voyage around the world between 1519-1521, the Bounty epic in 1789, the discovery of Australia towards the end of the 18th century, and in the vague expansionist plans of Indonesia's General Suharto. While many primary sources have for the most part been lost, the outline of Timor's ancient history can be retraced through maps, drawings, engravings and the testimony of travellers over the years. This book attempts a chronology of this history, explores some of the myths of the origins of Timor, and explores the island's contacts with the outside world in more recent times. Illustrated with more than 200 maps, drawings and engravings, the book is based on several narrations and previously unpublished documents. In French.

Tortured Beginnings: Police Violence And The Begin Nings Of Impunity In East TimorTortured Beginnings: Police Violence And The Begin Nings Of Impunity In East Timor by Human Rights Watch

This Human Rights Watch report documents instances of police abuses against detainees and members of the public in East Timor since 2002. The non-accountability in discipline and inadequate training of the new police force is made evident. The report stresses the urgent need for appropriate remedial action before abuses are institutionalised. Urgent recommendations are made to the local authorities, the United Nations, Australia and Britain as well as other concerned parties and donors regarding the need for training, well-understood codes of conduct, and disciplinary and accountability procedures without which impunity will take over peace.

'Heaviest Blow, The' - The Catholic Church And The East Timor Issue by Smyth, Patrick A.

A detailed and referenced account of the very varied, often opposing responses of the Catholic Church to the annexation and rule of East Timor by Indonesia 1975-99. Attitudes of the Catholic communities in Indonesia, Porlugal, Australia, Japan, Britain, the United States, and Vatican are separately addressed. There is also some discussion of the challenges faced by the newly-independant but conflicted country. Bibliography and index.

Complicity In Genocide: Report To The East Timor  Complicity In Genocide: Report To The East Timor "Truth Commission" On International Actors by Gunn, Geoffrey C.

This clearly set out report was made as part of the work of the UN-backed East Timor Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation but did not form part of its final 2005 submission "Chega". "Chega" was largely silent on the subject of the role of western arms suppliers and the nations that blindly supported the Jakarta regime and policy. The author of "Complicity in Genocide" is convinced it has to be taken into account along with "Chega" if action to enable resolution and justice in East Timor is to be achieved.

Not-So-Distant Horror, A: Mass Violence In East Ti MorNot-So-Distant Horror, A: Mass Violence In East Ti Mor by Nevins, Joseph

This is a referenced study of the experience of the people of East Timor since Indonesia's 1975 invasion and takeover. The 1999 referendum, the violence from which the independent state emerged, and the subsequent prevarications and cover-ups by which western and other powers sought to avoid discussion of their roles in supporting destructive and repressive policies of the Indonesian government, are among the subjects explored. The epilogue takes a look at the devastated country and the suffering but still hopeful people. With black-and-white photographs, extensive references and index.

New Nation: United Nations Peace-Building In East TimorNew Nation: United Nations Peace-Building In East Timor by Gunn, Geoffrey C.; Reyko Huang

The UN's 1999-2005 pioneer peace-building efforts in East Timor had to deal with major political, linguistic and anthropological differences which were (or are) major factors in any attempts to build Timor Leste as a functioning nation. The authors were involved in various areas of the post-1999 reconstruction efforts. Using their experiences, they detail the East Timor scenario and also highlight principles of democratic peacemaking and nation-building which could be applied in other situations. With bibliography, website details and index.

Elections And Constitution Making In East TimorElections And Constitution Making In East Timor by De Costa Babo Soares, Dionisio; M. Maley Et Al

These five papers on the 2001 and 2002 Elections in East Timor were given at a public seminar at Australian National University in December 2001. The authors were participants or observers of these elections and incorporate in these papers much firsthand experience of the complex challenges and constitutional issues facing the newly-independent country.

Last Flight Out Of Dili: Memoirs Of An Accidental  Activist In The Triumph Of East TimorLast Flight Out Of Dili: Memoirs Of An Accidental Activist In The Triumph Of East Timor by Scott, David

The author, a notable Australian humanitarian activist, was ordered out of Dili on the eve of the 1975 Indonesian invasion of East Timor. This is an account of the East Timor policies of successive Australian governments which supported Indonesia's often extraordinarily brutal policies against the people of East Timor. He tells too how NGOs and groups of ordinary Australians increasingly supported the Timorese. Newly available documents give some reasons for Australia's equivocal policy, and for the people's support for the Timorese which was finally geared into active involvement in the country's independence and development. With black and white photographs, references, glossary and index.

East Timor: A Memoir Of The Negotiations For IndependenceEast Timor: A Memoir Of The Negotiations For Independence by Marker, Jamsheed

The experienced Pakistani Ambassador Jamsheed Marker was Personal Representative of the UN Secretary-General for the problems and needs of East Timor from 1997-2000. During this period, he was involved formally and informally in the negotiations and discussions that took place in various places spanning Portugal, Indonesia, New York, Washington, and Australia. The meetings paved the way for East Timor's Independence Ballot of September/October 1999, which were tragically followed by massacres and destructions. Marker's careful memoir also provides the background and salient points of the various local and international conversations and agreements that took place at many levels.

Self-Determination In East Timor: The United Nations, The Ballot, And International by Martin, Ian

This unique inside account traces events in East Timor from the negotiations that led to the May 1999 agreements among Indonesia, Portugal, and the United Nations to the mandating of international intervention to check the violence that wracked the country following the elections. Ian Martin, the UN Secretary-General's special representative in East Timor at the time, describes how political change in Indonesia, coupled with the UN's good offices and pressures from Australia and elsewhere, led President Habibie to offer the East Timorese a choice between autonomy within Indonesia and full independence. His discussion of what followed — the activities of the UN mission (UNAMET) established to implement the election, in the face of violent efforts to coerce the East Timorese to reject independence; the election itself, with a historic 98.6% turnout and a 78.5% vote for independence; and the ensuing killing, destruction, and forced displacement — includes an analysis of the intense negotiations that led to the Indonesian government's reluctant acceptance of intervention.

East Timor: A Nation's Bitter Dawn (Second Edition)East Timor: A Nation's Bitter Dawn (Second Edition) by Cristalis, Irena

Few new nations have endured a birth as traumatic as that endured by Asia's youngest country, East Timor. Born amid the flames, pillage and mayhem that surrounded Indonesia's reluctant withdrawal in 1999, it has been struggling for years to rebuild itself from the ashes. The author, one of a handful who refused to leave during that nightmare, stayed on to report East Timor to the world. Her book was published in 2002; now it has been fully updated with this new edition. It offers a vivid, firsthand account of the lives of individual Timorese during the long decades of Indonesia's occupation, the Timorese people's struggle for freedom, and their efforts to cope with the dramatic shifts that engulfed them.

Land Claims In East TimorLand Claims In East Timor by Fitzpatrick, Daniel

The world's newest independent country, East Timor, begins life without the benefit of established laws and institutions, including land ownership, its use and regulation. The author, a law lecturer at the Australian National University, examines the important issue of land from a historical perspective -- from the days of the Portuguese, through Indonesian occupation -- until present-day independence.