Myanmar

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Asean+3 Bond Market Guide 2018: MyanmarAsean+3 Bond Market Guide 2018: Myanmar by Asian Development Bank

This Bond Market Guide provides an update for current and future domestic, regional, and international market participants on the tremendous developments in the Myanmar securities market. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar began to emphasize the development of its financial and capital markets in 2008. Much has been achieved since then.

Developing Renewable Energy Mini-Grids In Myanmar: A GuidebookDeveloping Renewable Energy Mini-Grids In Myanmar: A Guidebook by Asian Development Bank

This guidebook shares training materials and knowledge on mini-grid development for rural electrification. It documents experiences and lessons learned from developing 12 pilot mini-grid systems for off-grid energy access in Myanmar. This guidebook documents the experiences and lessons learned from developing 12 pilot mini-grid systems for off-grid energy access in Myanmar. Unelectrified rural communities typically located 10 kilometers from the national grid and without prospects of being connected to the grid in the next 5 to 10 years have been chosen for the project. This guidebook shares training materials and knowledge on the major aspects of mini-grid development for rural electrification.

Buddhism, Politics And Political Thought In MyanmarBuddhism, Politics And Political Thought In Myanmar by Walton, Matthew J.

This is the first book to provide a broad overview of the ways in which Buddhist ideas have influenced political thinking and politics in Myanmar. Matthew J. Walton draws extensively on Burmese language sources from the last 150 years to describe the 'moral universe' of contemporary Theravada Buddhism that has anchored most political thought in Myanmar. In explaining multiple Burmese understandings of notions such as 'democracy' and 'political participation', the book provides readers with a conceptual framework for understanding some of the key dynamics of Myanmar's ongoing political transition. Some of these ideas help to shed light on restrictive or exclusionary political impulses, such as anti-Muslim Buddhist nationalism or scepticism towards the ability of the masses to participate in politics. Walton provides an analytical framework for understanding Buddhist influences on politics that will be accessible to a wide range of readers and will generate future research and debate.

Buddhist Visual Cultures, Rhetoric, And Narrative In Late Burmese Wall PaintingsBuddhist Visual Cultures, Rhetoric, And Narrative In Late Burmese Wall Paintings by Green, Alexandra

Step into a Burmese temple built between the late seventeenth and early nineteenth centuries and you are surrounded by a riot of color and imagery. The majority of the highly detailed wall paintings display Buddhist biographical narratives, inspiring the devotees to follow the Buddha's teachings. Alexandra Green goes one step further to consider the temples and their contents as a whole, arguing that the wall paintings mediate the relationship between the architecture and the main Buddha statues in the temples. This forges a unified space for the devotees to interact with the Buddha and his community, with the aim of transforming the devotees' current and future lives. These temples were a cohesively articulated and represented Burmese Buddhist world to which the devotees belonged. Green's visits to more than 160 sites with identifiable subject matter form the basis of this richly illustrated volume, which draws upon art historical, anthropological, and religious studies methodologies to analyze the wall paintings and elucidate the contemporary religious, political, and social concepts that drove the creation of this lively art form.

Citizenship In Myanmar: Ways Of Being In And From BurmaCitizenship In Myanmar: Ways Of Being In And From Burma by South, Ashley; Marie Lall (Eds.)

This book brings together chapters by Burmese and foreign experts, and contributions from community and political leaders, who discuss the meaning of citizenship in Myanmar/Burma. The book explores citizenship in relation to three broad categories: issues of identity and conflict; debates around concepts and practices of citizenship; and inter- and intra-community issues, including Buddhist-Muslim relations. This is the first volume to address these issues, understanding and resolving which will be central to Myanmar's continued transition away from violence and authoritarianism.

Rohingyas, The: Inside Myanmar's Genocide (Revised And Updated Edition)Rohingyas, The: Inside Myanmar's Genocide (Revised And Updated Edition) by Azeem Ibrahim

According to the United Nations, Myanmar's Rohingyas are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Only now has the media turned its attention to their plight at the hands of a country led by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi. Yet the signs of this genocide have been visible for years. For generations, this Muslim group has suffered routine discrimination, violence, arbitrary arrest and detention, extortion, and other abuses by the Buddhist majority. As horrifying massacres have unfolded in 2017, international human rights groups have accused the regime of complicity in an ethnic cleansing campaign against them. Authorities refuse to recognise the Rohingyas as one of Myanmar's 135 "national races," denying them citizenship rights in the country of their birth and severely restricting many aspects of ordinary life, from marriage to free movement. In this updated edition, Azeem Ibrahim chronicles the events leading up to the current, final cleansing of the Rohingya population, and issues a clarion call to protect a vulnerable, little known Muslim minority. He makes a powerful appeal to use the lessons of the twentieth century to stop this genocide in the twenty-first.

Warring Societies Of Pre-Colonial Southeast Asia: Local Cultures Of Conflict Within A Regional ContextWarring Societies Of Pre-Colonial Southeast Asia: Local Cultures Of Conflict Within A Regional Context by Charney, Michael W.; Kathryn Wellen

Why is it that warfare in Southeast Asian history is depicted so differently in various historical sources and representations? Why have scholars looking at different countries found so many exceptions to regional overviews of warfare? The present volume seeks to present a new approach to the study of warfare in the region by abandoning the generalizations made in the conventional literature. The contributors offer a range of new studies of warfare in local areas within the region, looking at warfare on its own, local terms rather than for what it says about warfare in the region as a whole. This approach for the first time lends Southeast Asia to comparative analysis in a way that avoids artificial and misleading regional attributes. The varied case studies, researched and written by a number of experts of local warfare within the region include naval warfare eighteenth century Vietnam, civil war in South Sulawesi during the Pénéki War, the art and texts of war in Burmese warfare, modes of warfare in precolonial Bali, war captive taking in Thailand, and kinship, religion, and war in late eighteenth century Maguindanao, and preparations for war in the Pacific rimlands.

Mapping Cultural Nationalism: The Scholars Of The Burma Research Society, 1910-1935Mapping Cultural Nationalism: The Scholars Of The Burma Research Society, 1910-1935 by Boshier, Carol Ann

This detailed study of the Burma Research Society (founded in 1910 and flourishing until the 1930s), its membership and published output contextualizes the Society within its metropolitan and regional setting, as well as drawing on a broader, transnational intellectual landscape. This timely work on the Society's intellectual legacy has the potential to inform current debates in Myanmar at a time when the activities of ultra-nationalist groups threaten other religions and ethnicities' rights as citizens. The study will be of interest to historians and students of colonial Burma as well as anyone interested in the roots of the identity issues currently to the fore in Myanmar.

Myanmar's Enemy Within: Buddhist Violence And The Making Of A Muslim 'Other'Myanmar's Enemy Within: Buddhist Violence And The Making Of A Muslim 'Other' by Wade, Francis

For decades Myanmar has been portrayed as a case of good citizen versus bad regime - men in jackboots maintaining a suffocating rule over a majority Buddhist population beholden to the ideals of non-violence and tolerance. But in recent years this narrative has been upended. In June 2012, violence between Buddhists and Muslims in western Myanmar pointed to a growing divide between religious communities that before had received little attention from the outside world. In this gripping and deeply reported account, Francis Wade explores how the manipulation of identities by an anxious ruling elite has laid the foundations for mass violence, and how, in Myanmar's case, some of the most respected and articulate voices for democracy have turned on the Muslim population at a time when the majority of citizens are beginning to experience freedoms unseen for half a century.

Delicate Relationship, A: The United States And Burma/Myanmar Since 1945Delicate Relationship, A: The United States And Burma/Myanmar Since 1945 by Clymer, Kenton

In 2012, Barack Obama became the first US president to visit Myanmar. This marked a new period in the two countries' sinuous diplomatic relationship, which Kenton Clymer examines in A Delicate Relationship. From the challenges of decolonization and heightened nationalism after World War II, to the Cold War concern with domino states, to the rise of human rights policy in the 1980s, Clymer demonstrates how Burma/Myanmar has fit into the broad patterns of US foreign policy and yet has never been fully integrated into diplomatic efforts in Southeast Asia.

Bagan And The World: Early Myanmar And Its Global ConnectionsBagan And The World: Early Myanmar And Its Global Connections by Goh Geok Yian, John Miksic & M. Aung-Thwin (Eds.)

The archaeological site of Bagan and the kingdom which bore its name contains one of the greatest concentrations of ancient architecture and art in Asia. Much of what is visible today consists of ruins of Buddhist monasteries. While these monuments are a major tourist attraction, recent advances in archaeology and textual history have added considerable new understanding of this kingdom, which flourished between the 11th and 14th centuries. Bagan was not an isolated monastic site; its inhabitants participated actively in networks of Buddhist religious activity and commerce, abetted by the sites location near the junction where South Asia, China and Southeast Asia meet. This volume presents the result of recent research by scholars from around the world, including indigenous Myanmar people.

White ButterfliesWhite Butterflies by Mcphedran, Colin

After the Japanese invasion of Burma in late 1941, 11-year-old Colin McPhedran fled his homeland on foot, crossing the rugged Patkoi Mountain Ranges on foot to reach safety in India. Colin, along with his mother, elder brother and sister and thousands of others, many of whom died, battled monsoon rains, hunger, disease and exhaustion during the 500-kilometre journey. McPhedran's autobiography recalls his childhood as part of a large Anglo-Burmese family in colonial Burma, and provides a dramatic account of his harrowing trek to freedom. He eventually settled in Australia, where his memoir was first published. This edition, issued in Southeast Asia for the first time, includes a new afterword that supplies details left out of the story as originally published.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2017 #13: The Peace Process And Civil-Military Relations During The Nld Administration's First YearTrends In Southeast Asia 2017 #13: The Peace Process And Civil-Military Relations During The Nld Administration's First Year by Lin Htet Aung

Peace and political considerations are priorities in Myanmar as indicated by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's frequent pronouncements. Stakeholders including ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) appear willing to engage further at the negotiating table although the Tatmadaw (military) has stuck to the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) route reiterated by the National League for Democracy (NLD) government at the 21st Century Panglong Conference. The Tatmadaw has softened its views on federalism, and although military operations drew criticisms, inter-elite relations especially between the NLD and the Tatmadaw appear to be improving. Economic development is not high on the government's agenda as yet, and civil servant responses to the government-led reforms remain unchanged.

Reporting The Retreat: War Correspondents In Burma, 1942Reporting The Retreat: War Correspondents In Burma, 1942 by Woods, Philip

Japan's invasion of Burma in 1942 set off the longest retreat in British military history. Along with the fall of Singapore, it marked the beginning of the end of British rule, not only in Burma but also in south and south-east Asia. Britain's defeat in Burma has been studied in detail, but Reporting the Retreat is the first account that looks at how war correspondents presented the campaign in Western newspapers, pictorial magazines, and newsreels. Using wartime archives, Philip Woods re-evaluates the accuracy and impact of the versions of events presented by war correspondents reporting from Burma. His account will be of great value to historians of conflict and to anyone interested in journalism and the media.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2017 #04: The Emergence Of Pork Barrel Politics In Parliamentary MyanmarTrends In Southeast Asia 2017 #04: The Emergence Of Pork Barrel Politics In Parliamentary Myanmar by Egreteau, Renaud

In 2014 Myanmar introduced a constituency development fund to sponsor small public works and development projects in each of the country's 330 electoral constituencies. As a form of "pork-barrel" spending, CDF programmes have long remained controversial among international donors, anti-corruption agencies and civil society watchdogs for their potential for corruption, embezzlement, waste of public money, vote-buying and other clientelistic behaviours. The CDF has however emerged in as an extremely popular instrument for lawmakers, in offering new opportunities for meeting the basic infrastructure and development needs of local communities. The scheme has also fostered more frequent interactions among parliamentarians, local bureaucrats, and citizens. Mechanisms for vetting and monitoring the CDF projects seem also to have grown stronger each year.

Burma Superstar: Addictive Recipes From The Crossroads Of Southeast AsiaBurma Superstar: Addictive Recipes From The Crossroads Of Southeast Asia by Tan, Desmond; Kate Leahy

An eclectic collection of 80 achievable yet spectacular recipes from famed San Francisco Bay Area Burmese restaurant, Burma Superstar. For years, Bay Area residents and out-of-towners have packed the house - and lined up out the door - for the salads, curries, rice, and stir-fries served at Burma Superstar, a beloved Burmese restaurant with four locations in the San Francisco Bay Area. This collection of recipes includes favorites like Tea Leaf Salad, Samosa Soup, Pumpkin Pork Stew, Garlic Noodles, and Black Rice Pudding that have made the group of restaurants one of the most recognizable in the Bay Area but it also takes readers into the kitchens of Burmese home cooks, whose style of cooking drives menu inspiration.

Cities And Kings: Ancient Treasures From MyanmarCities And Kings: Ancient Treasures From Myanmar by Murphy, Stephen (Ed.)

Treasures from the national museums of Myanmar, from the World Heritage Site at Pyu, the pagoda-studded plains of Bagan, and from Mandalay, the last royal capital, are examined in this profusely illustrated catalogue. Essays cover the principal archaeological sites of Pyu, Mon, Bagan, Inwa, Shan State, and Mandalay.

War And Peace In The Borderlands Of Myanmar The Kachin Ceasefire, 1994-2011 by Sadan, Mandy (Ed.)

In June 2011 fighting resumed between the Kachin Independence Organisation and Myanmar Army, ending a 17-year ceasefire. The unwillingness of local Kachin people and their leaders to agree to a speedy renewal of the ceasefire has frustrated many observers and policy-makers hoping for a national ceasefire agreement between the Myanmar government and principal armed ethnic organizations. Yet since the ceasefire collapsed, surprisingly little attention has been paid to understanding the Kachin experience of the ceasefire. This book brings together local activists with international academics and acclaimed independent researchers to reflect on these experiences from different perspectives. They also raise important and enduring questions about the social, economic and political development of Myanmar's 'border regions'. Crucially, the chapters offer vital lessons about the dangers inherent in ceasefire agreements when an 'armed peace' is implemented but not accompanied by a substantive commitment to political change.

Hidden Gems - Retracing Tradition And Modernity In The Monastic Architecture Of MandalayHidden Gems - Retracing Tradition And Modernity In The Monastic Architecture Of Mandalay by Widodo, Johannes Et Al (Eds.)

This book is about two timber monasteries situated in Myanmar's former capital city during the monarchy period and the seat of the country last kingdom, Mandalay. The two buildings have very strong historical and architectural significance, one represent the traditional residential building typology, while the other one represent a shared-typology of European elements mixed with local materials and traditional craftsmanship. It is a result from an international joint studio program of National University of Singapore, University of Malaya, and Mandalay Technological University, sponsored by Tan Chin Tuan Foundation.

Myanmar's Mountain And Maritime Borderscapes: Local Practices, Boundary-Making And Figured WorldsMyanmar's Mountain And Maritime Borderscapes: Local Practices, Boundary-Making And Figured Worlds by Oh Su-Ann (Ed.)

This edited volume adds to the literature on Myanmar and its borders by drawing attention to the significance of geography, history, politics and society in the construction of the border regions and the country. First, it alerts us to the fact that the border regions are situated in the mountainous and maritime domains of the country, highlighting the commonalities that arise from shared geography. Second, the book foregrounds socio-spatio practices - economic, intimate, spiritual, virtual - of border and boundary-making in their local context. This demonstrates how state-defined notions of territory, borders and identity are enacted or challenged. Third, despite sharing common features, Myanmar's borderscapes also possess unique configurations of ethnic, political and economic attributes, producing social formations and figured worlds that are more cohesive or militant in some border areas than in others. Understanding and comparing these social practices and their corresponding life-worlds allows us to re-examine the connections from the borderlands back to the hinterland and to consider the value of border and boundary studies in problematizing and conceptualizing recent changes in Myanmar.